Cannabis sativa is the scientific name for marijuana. It’s a flowering plant native to Central Asia. Its botanical name comes from the Latin word ‘canabae’ meaning ‘of hemp’. Hemp is a type of cannabis sativa.
Cannabis indica is the scientific name for hashish. It’s a flowering shrub native to India and Pakistan. Its botanical name is derived from the Sanskrit words ‘kana’, meaning ‘bud’, and ‘indica’, meaning ‘from the east’.
Cannabis ruderalis is the scientific name for ditchweed. It’s a perennial herbaceous plant native to Europe and North America. Its botanical name was given after the German botanist Carl Ludwig Willdenow (1765-1812).
Cannabis afghanica is the scientific name for Afghan hashish. It’s an annual herb native to Afghanistan, Iran, Iraq, and Turkey. Its botanical name derives from the Arabic word ‘afghani’, meaning ‘hashish’.
Cannabis bahia is the scientific name for Mexican hashish. It’s the only species in the genus Cannabis native to Mexico. Its botanical name means ‘from Bahia’.
Cannabis chinensis is the scientific name for Chinese hashish. It’s grown in China and Japan. Its botanical name originates from the Chinese characters for ‘hemp’ and ‘China’.
Cannabis sativa var. indica
Cannabi sativa var. indicas is the scientific name for Thai hashish. It’s cultivated in Thailand. Its botanical name stems from the Latin word ‘cannabis’ meaning ‘hemp’ and the suffix’sativa’ meaning ‘cultivated’